Political science

There are 11 parts in this questionaire, each part consist of 3 question. Please answer each question using the listed references. Each part should consist of 150 words.
Part 1
1) How does the transition approach differ from the modernisation approach to explaining democratisation?

2) According to Huntington, what is the procedural definition of democracy and why is it realistic?

3) Why does Rustow insist it is important to distinguish between (genetic) ideas about democracy’s origins and (functional) ideas about how democracy works?

Part 2: Structures, convergence, and contention

1) How does the structural approach differ from the transition approach to explaining democratisation?

2) How does Potter and how does Leftwich characterise the convergence of models for explaining democratisation?

3) How do the similes of democracy as an oilfield, a garden, and a lake fit with the three approaches of Potter et al (1997)? How does it fit with Potter’s and Leftwich’s reflections on the convergence of the three main approaches?

Part 3: Sweden and class

1) For Premfors, what is the importance of the nature of the Swedish state for the path of democratisation there? How does his view differ from Tilly’s (1995, pp. 375–6;)

2) How does Therborn’s analysis of the Social Democratic Party in Sweden fit with a structural analysis of democratisation?

3) To what extent does Premfors disagree with Therborn?

Part 4: USA and race

1) What factors does Maidment use to explain the relatively late introduction of universal suffrage in the USA?

2) How does Maidment explain the ‘gridlock’ over difficult problems such as racial inequality in the USA?

3) Why does Lewis emphasise the importance of songs for the civil rights movement?

Part 5: India and civil society

1) How does Randall explain democratisation in India? How do the four factors derive from the structural and modernisation approaches?

2) How does Heller’s comparison between communism in Kerala and liberalism in India more generally differ from Randall’s contrast between China and India?

3) How does Hanson’s approach to political culture differ from the older modernisation approach to explaining democratisation?

Part 6: Indonesia: difficulties of democratisation

1) How does Putzel use theories and explanatory factors to trace the trajectory of democracy in Indonesia, compared to Malaysia and the Philippines?

2) What weight does Hara give to historical and international factors in Indonesia’s transition from dictatorship?

3) Comparing Putzel and Hara on the democratisation processes in Indonesia, who do you find the most convincing and why?

Part 7: Indonesia: order and Islam

1) After reading Lindsey (2001), do you think Indonesia has any chance of securing a reasonable measure of rule by law?

2) How does Hefner (2000, p. 4) respond to the observation that democratization and ethno-religious revival are often perceived as ‘antithetical’?

3) Hadiz focuses on elites’ lack of interest in democratisation but how does thisdiffer from Lindsey’s analysis of the Indonesia state?

Part 8: China: difficulties of dictatorship

1) How does Potter use aspects of both structural theory and transition theory to explain differences between democratisation in South Korea and Taiwan?

2) According to He, how does Confucianism promote and how does it hinder democratisation in China?

3) How does the communist regime and how do democratic dissidents understand democracy?

Topic 9: Taiwan: democratisation and autonomy

1) How does Potter use aspects of both structural theory and transition theory to explain differences between democratisation in South Korea and Taiwan?
2) How have shifts in the world order influenced Taiwan’s democratisation?

3) How does the importance of nationalism in Taiwan’s experience of democratisation challenge Rustow’s transition theory of democratisation?

Part 10: Turkey: modernisation and the Middle-East

1) Why does Bromley argue that democratisation in the Middle-East is weaker but similar to democratisation elsewhere?
2) To what extent does Haynes (2001, p. 188) disagree with Bromley’s (1997, pp. 330–2) approach, in the textbook, to democratisation in Turkey compared to rest of the Middle-East?
3) How does Huntington’s cultural approach differ from the approaches of Bromley and Haynes?

Part 11: Islam and democracy

1) What are the sources of ideas about state formation in the Islamic tradition?

2) According to Ayubi, how has Islam affected oppositions to governments in various countries with mostly Muslim populations?

3) What does Mansouri mean when he regards questions about the compatibility of Islam and democracy as a ‘typical product of Western “Orientalist” discourse’?

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