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Demographics and Economics

Demographics and Economics

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Demographics and Economics

Part I

Question 1

Human behavioral responses can influence and be influenced by economic conditions depending on the geographical setting. In urbanization, the sociology theory will refer the relationships created by microcosms of the human behavior while on the other side they provide an environment that is unique and heals according to the brand of the particular behavioral aspects. Economic conditions affect the kind of activities done to determine ways of providing for the humans while on the other hand the generated results then enable a depiction of sustainability or decrease in value of the same financial system. Using the Malthusian demographic model human behavior can be represented by the effect of death on the population numbers and similar human behavior. For example, checks on demographics can be provided by the inevitability surrounding economic cycles. In this case, later marriages or limited but rates can provide a standard of ensuring that there is a higher leaving expectation for all and contributing towards economic stability. On the other hand, it can limit the number of population growth rate within a given period thus achieve a controlled form of the demographics.

Question 2

Following the outbreak of civil war in Syria in the year 2011 millions of Syrians sought asylum in the adjacent countries within Middle East, Europe, and North Africa leaving their homes and country in jeopardy. Using the human displacement and migration theory it can be generated that the civil war has become a feature of considerable forces within the economic, political, and social forces that determine interactions within the people. The freedom and necessary empowerment of the people to determine their state of affairs causes the imbalance and general conflict according to the changing political dynamics in the country. The role of the public was to express the dissatisfaction on the government’s mandate, especially where discontent was expressed by the management of the affairs of the nation. Consequently, the outright civil disobedience to the government and the president reaction led to the anarchy. The resistance created a struggle, which, culminated into bloodshed as the government used state machinery to quell the dissatisfaction. Subsequent war and conflict led to the displacement of the inhabitants, and they had no alternative other than to seek refuge in other countries nearby as well as venturing into Europe.

Question 3

There are different factors that can help in explaining the decline in mortality and fertility rates especially in the context of the demographic transition framework. Using the demographic transition framework according to the Malthusian theory of population we can expand the factors such as economy and health. For instance, when the general population is increased it provides a basis for laborers to grow at a faster rate in a particular setting. Therefore, there is need to provide adequate food and wellbeing services to the population to ensure that they survived and lived adequately. The economy comes into place as it determines the cost of living, which, in turn, has a direct proportion to the growth rates. When the cost of living is high difficulties, emerge like raising a family, and this affects the fertility rates full stop the population growth red folds false thereby affecting the mortality of the given population. As the laborers cannot have sufficient nourishment, the economy is strengthened as real wages drop. Depending on the results, the population is always in a transition to counter the effect of growth rate versus the mortality, therefore, determining the well-being status of the respective group.

 

Part II

Question 1

European pattern of marriage can be described as systematic approach durability. For example, there is a high age of the partners when it comes to forming relationships, which culminates, into marriage. In addition, there is a higher proportion of people who do not marry at all. The pattern is exemplified having prevailed throughout most parts of Europe except in the South-Eastern and Eastern regions. It is different from other continents since marriage is taken as an institution that is responsible for bringing forth children. In the latter, it is the source of continuity in a given society thereby having a say on the demographics. Contrary to the European pattern other regions show a lower age when it comes to partners forming a union through marriage. The proportion of the population that is enshrined in marriage is also higher at any given time.

Through the bases of the European pattern of marriage, there is an explained basis on the development patterns between the west and the rest. Since marriages are calculated and planned in the west, there is an economic significance in the approach as it determines the destiny of the nation when compared to other regions. Through the marriage patterns, populations are catered for according to planning regarding basic infrastructure and economic stability. On the other hand, there is adequate and necessary management process when it comes to organization around population requirements even if they increase from time to time. In comparison, the other regions are forced to plan after the realization of demographic changes due to the marriage patterns. It creates pressure on the current developmental changes hence adequacy becomes an issue.

 

 

Question 3

The oppression and mistreatment of children, girls, and women are seen as a developmental issue especially in the countries where it is observed. From a general perspective, the mistreatment and oppression are witnessed in areas that have not fulfilled advanced societal settings and approach to issues. In the developing nations or the west, there is the limited existence of the same, and it can be attributed to development since it is uncommon. Oppression and mistreatment are targeted at the vulnerable groups of women, girls, and children in areas where there is a disregard for equality and respect for all. They are societies that are inclined to the male chauvinism of the past. Thus, they hinder the development as traditional thinking is the moral direction of the progression. The divergent patents show the disparity in regions that promote respect and equality for all regardless of gender and age.

On issues like child labor, education of the girls, and discrimination of women there are effective means that can help reduce the abuse and exploitation. On issues like child labor, the countries need to enforce rules and regulations that outlaw is existence and subsequent application of justice on any guilty offender. With the girl child, they need to be policies that are enhanced to ensure that they receive equal treatment and education just as the boys. When it comes to exploitation and operation of women affirmative action is required at all level and instituted at the legislative premise. This way, there will be the promotion of a society that recognizes, respects, and accords equal treatment and rights to all people without discrimination. Subsequently, the inclusivity will account for development since everyone will work under a common objective of nation-building.

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