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your are required to work in small groups and to prepare for each of the three
athletes concerned a written defence brief to be filed before the doping panel of the
international federation.
The briefs shall only include a (short) legal reasoning and prayers for relief. There is no need to
make any submission on the facts of the matter. The only issue to be decided by the Panel, on
the date of the hearing, is the sanction to be imposed on each athlete.
The students shall only apply the World Anti-Doping Code (2003 / 2009 / 2015 edition), as
applicable, and shall not be required to refer to the anti-doping regulations of the federation
or to international standards or other regulations.
Purpose of the exercise
The students shall show their ability to apply the anti-doping regulations to the facts of the
cases.
The students shall be required to submit clear and convincing legal arguments, which are in
favour of the athlete as if they were their counsel, but shall nevertheless remain objective and
limit themselves to submissions, which have some chances to be considered by the panel
Subject matters:
Introduction
Between January and July 2016, the IOC retested numerous samples collected on the
occasion of the 2008 and of the 2012 Olympic Games, and which have been stored frozen
since then.
Thanks to the higher sensitivity of the analytical equipment, as well as to the detection of new
metabolites for certain substances, the 2016 Olympic re-testing campaign resulted in numerous
adverse analytical findings being reported, mainly for steroids. The vast majority of athletes
caught were from the sports of weightlifting and athletics.
The cases at hand
Three weightlifters, Anastasia, Boris and Camilla, who took part in the 2008 and/or 2012 Olympic
Games, failed doping tests conducted in the course of the Olympic retesting campaign in
2016. They all tested positive to the same prohibited substance, an anabolic androgenic steroid
called “Oral Turinabol” or “dehydrochloromethyltestosterone (DHCMT)”. Disciplinary
procedures by both the IOC and the IWF have been initiated in May-June 2016. The IOC issued
decisions against all three athletes, confirming the positive cases and cancelling all their
Olympic results.
The presence of the substance (and therefore the breach of article 2.1 of the World Anti-
Doping Code) is not disputed by any of the athlete. Actually, each athlete requested that the
B-samples be opened and then renounced to try to challenge the results reported by the
laboratory.
Now each of the three athletes has been convened to appear before the IWF anti-doping
panel, which will decide the sanction to be imposed on each of the athletes, in addition to the
cancellation of all Olympic results.
Case of Anastasia
Anastasia is a weightlifter since the age of 11. She began training as a member of the national
weightlifting team of her country in 2009 and was regularly advised to take numerous
supplements such as vitamins and BAA by her coach.
On the occasion of the Olympic Games in London 2012, Anastasia became Olympic
champion in her category. She was tested on that occasion, but her sample did not return an
adverse analytical finding.
Aside from results at the Olympics, Anastasia international results since 2012, in chronological
order, are as follows:
– Asian Games, 2014 – 2nd in her category
– IWF World Championships, 2014 – 1st in her category
On 26 May 2016, Anastasia has been informed that her sample from London 2012 produced
an Adverse Analytical Finding for Oral Turinabol. She then renounced to take part in the Rio
Olympic Games. Her results obtained at the London Olympic Games were cancelled by the
IOC. The IWF provisionally suspended Anastasia as of 30 June 2016.
The main purpose for Anastasia is to keep her 2014 World title and to be able to return to
competition as soon as possible.
Case of Boris
Boris is a weightlifter since 2002. He became a member of the national weightlifting team of his
country in 2007.
On 6 August 2008, during the Olympic Games in Beijing, Boris underwent a doping control and
provided a urine sample. The sample taken did not return an adverse analytical finding. Boris
subsequently withdrew from the competition due to an elbow injury and did not take part in
the Olympics in Beijing.
On the occasion of the Olympic Games in London 2012, Boris became Olympic champion in
his category. He was tested on that occasion, but his sample did not return an adverse
analytical finding.
Aside from results at the Olympics, Boris’s international results since 2008, in chronological order,
are as follows:
– Asian Senior Championship, 2009– 3rd in his category
– IWF World Championships, 2009 – 1st in his category
– IWF World Championships, 2010 – 1st in his category
– Asian Games, 2010 – 1st in his category
– IWF World Championships, 2011 – 2nd in his category
– IWF World Championships, 2014 – 8th in his category
– IWF World Championships, 2015 – 8th in his category
On 26 May 2016, Boris has been informed that his sample from London 2012 produced an
Adverse Analytical Finding for Oral Turinabol. The IWF provisionally suspended Boris as of 30
June 2016.
On 30 June 2016, Boris has been further informed that his sample from Beijing 2008 also
produced an Adverse Analytical Finding for Oral Turinabol. He then renounced to take part in
the Rio Olympic Games. His results obtained at the London Olympic Games were cancelled
by the IOC, which also confirmed the positive case on the occasion of the 2008 Beijing Olympic
Games.
The main purpose for Boris is to keep the titles obtained in the course of his career and to be
able to return to competition as soon as possible.
Case of Camilla
Camilla is a weightlifter since 2000. In October 2006, she tested positive for an anabolic
androgenic steroid and was suspended for two years, from 1 October 2006 until 30 September
2008. Consequently, she could not take part in the Beijing Olympic Games.
On the occasion of the Olympic Games in London 2012, Camilla became Olympic champion
in her category. She was tested on that occasion, but her sample did not return an adverse
analytical finding.
Aside from results at the Olympics, Camilla ranked 3rd in her category on the occasion of the
2015 IWF World Championships.
On 26 May 2016, Camilla has been informed that her sample from London 2012 produced an
Adverse Analytical Finding for Oral Turinabol. The IWF provisionally suspended Camilla as of 30
June 2016. She then renounced to take part in the Rio Olympic Games. Her results obtained at
the London Olympic Games were cancelled by the IOC.
Camilla admits that, before the London Olympic Games, she was using numerous supplements
such as vitamins and BAA recommended by her coach. She is convinced that the positive test
is due to an inadvertent contamination, but cannot provide any evidence supporting her
assertion.
The main purpose for Camilla is to continue her career as a coach, as soon as practicable.

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