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Annotated Bibliography

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Annotated Bibliography

Introduction

Thomas Hardy’s work Rain on a Grave provides the audience with an understanding of the grief experienced by the author after the loss of his wife. The widowed persona, Thomas Hardy, uses the poem as a point of acknowledgement of his actions of mistreating his late wife. He contemplates over his behavior towards the deceased party as he notes that the love in their marriage was lost because of his actions towards his wife. The poem highlights themes of grief, loss, lack of love and the role of emotional abuse in destruction of marriages. The narrator contemplates over his role in terms of mistreating his wife which resulted in the death of their marriage and more so her demise.

Hameed, Ibtisaam Natheer. Late Nostalgia to the Memory of an Early Disappointed Love Experience: A Study in Thomas Hardy’s Selected Late Elegies. Adab Al-Rafidayn Vol. (52), 1429, (2008): 145-162.

This article is effective in terms of providing an extensive critique of Thomas Hardy’s work Rain on a Grave. The author provides the audience with an understanding of the power of tragedies involving the loss of love and loved ones. The article provides an overview of the transition of the widowed narrator’s relationship with the deceased as it moved from passionate love towards one that was marked by hatred and lack of connection between the two until the demise of the woman. The article provides a recollection of the author’s works or elegies that focused on memories and events of the Hardy’s life.

The author notes that the narrator used the poem as a primary outlet for his grief because of the death of his wife. It is evident that death is a recurrent thee in Hardy’s works given that he experienced loss of parents, loved ones, and friends. Furthermore, it is evident that this provides the narrator with a means of coping and highlighting his feelings of guilt because of emotional mistreatment of his wife. The narrator notes that he failed to acknowledge that his wife was emotionally attached to him when she was alive. This article is an effective source of information of the various factors that were central towards the poet’s decision to put into paper his emotions in the poem Rain on a Grave. It is evident that poems are used as a medium for highlighting individual recollections or memories as noted in the case of Thomas Hardy. The poet provides him with a means of undertaking a critical analysis of his role as a husband during his marriage. Furthermore, it is used as a means of pouring out his grief to the audience given that he exhibits a high level of grief for his individual failures in the marriage.

Motion, Andrew. Thomas Hardy Selected Poems. London: Everyman Books Ltd., 1998. Print.

This text provides a critical review of some of the most celebrated works by Thomas Hardy. The text provides an effective evaluation of various works developed by the poet, which are related to one another because of various life events. It is evident that themes of love, hope, death, grief, love and loss are central to a majority, if not all the works developed by the author. The author of the text provides that the narrator’s use of poems was effective in enabling hi to deal with the concealed emotions of grief in relation to the poem Rain on a Grave. It is also important to note that the author was effective in providing a detailed account of the events in the life of the poet.

This is a critical aspect as it provides the audience with a means of understanding the critical factors that provided the author with a basis for developing his works. This text is effective in providing the information needed to develop subsequent research papers. The author is able to provide an understanding of the role of the history of the ear of writing of this poem, which had a significant influence on the poet’s approach, and styles of writing. The text provides an effective correlation of the initial and subsequent works developed by Thomas Hardy. This is effective in enabling the audience to understand the subjects favored and selected by the artist for use in developing poems. Furthermore, it is a critical component of enabling the audience to make individual interpretations of the various themes and issues incorporated by the poet in all of his works and more so the poem Rain on a Grave.

Taylor, Dennis. Hardy and Wordsworth. Victorian Poetry, Vol. 24, No. 4, (Winter, 1986): pp. 441-454. Print.

The author evaluated the writing styles and approaches used by the two poets, Wordsworth and Hardy, during the respective periods of developing their works. The author notes that Hardy borrows heavily from Wordsworth in developing a majority if not all of his poetic works. The author notes that the poems developed by Hardy in his various collected editions that have plausibly used stylistic devices and approaches used by Wordsworth. The author notes that Hardy used an approach similar to that used by Wordsworth in observing and recording all of his unadjusted impressions.

The author highlights that the two poets shared similar approaches despite the presence of different challenges. The poem Rain on a Grave by Hardy has been likened by the author to Wordsworth’s I Found her out There. Hardy noted, “The mission of poetry is to record impressions, not convictions.” The author highlights that Wordsworth fell into the mistake of writing his convictions as opposed to providing an account of his impressions. This statement is critical toward the development of research as it is illustrative that Hardy was ale to articulate his impressions that he had recollected during his marriage as opposed to recording his convictions.

The perspectives provided within this text are critical in the successful evaluation and interpretation of the poem. The text provides information over the effects of the Victorian era, the various, culture and social norms held by people in England during this period. Furthermore, it also provides information over the role of literature as a medium of communication of individual emotions, problems, life experiences, rather than providing judgments over issues. This will provide an effective source of information for successful development of research in relation to the identified poem.

Friza, Badja. The position of women in Thomas hardy’s poetry. Dissertation University of Tizi-Ouzou. 2011-2012. Print.

This dissertation paper provides critical analysis of gender issues in a variety of poetries developed by Thomas Hardy. It is evident that women play a critical role in the life of Hardy. A woman is at the heart of the poem Rain on a Grave. The perspectives provided by the author are critical towards development of subsequent research on the identified poet. Women assume a critical role not only in Hardy’s life but also in the Victorian era. This provides an understanding as to the origin of the mistreatment by Hardy to his wife.

This paper is critical towards understanding gender roles assumed by women, their common experiences in marriages and issues of gender violence as propagated by men. The central theme highlighted within this paper is the role of gender as a social determinant for success and the life of women in medieval England. The author also uses this paper as a means of providing the audience with a variety of issues and reasons for the poet’s renunciation of writing novels to opt for poem writing. Furthermore, it is also indicative that hardy’s relationship with women was influence by his environment of growth and society as a whole. Social determinants such as gendered ideals may have driven him to mistreat and abuse his wife despite professing his undying love for the deceased.

This paper provides an adequate source of information for subsequent development of an in-depth research paper. In addition, understanding the social constructions of gender will enable he audience to understand the reasons for various issues highlighted by the poet. Furthermore, the poem will also be used as a basis for understanding the division of society based on gender differences amongst parties.

Conclusion

Thomas Hardy uses the poem as a point of acknowledgement of his actions of mistreating his late wife. He contemplates over his behavior towards the deceased party as he notes that the love in their marriage was lost because of his actions towards his wife. The narrator contemplates over his role in terms of mistreating his wife, which resulted in the death of their marriage and more so her demise. The poem highlights themes of grief, loss, lack of love and the role of emotional abuse in destruction of marriages.

Using the four articles, it is possible o provide a critical analysis of the poem Rain on a Grave through the understanding of issues such as gender inequalities, social disorganization, violence in marriages in medieval society. Furthermore, this is critical towards understanding the source of grief and more so the reasons used by the poet in propagating violence against a woman he professes to love unconditionally. The success of this research hinges on the ability to use the identified sources of information in relation to the development of the poem. Furthermore, the research will include a correlation of other works as noted in one of the articles to provide an understanding of the styles, and approaches used by the poet in developing initial and subsequent poems.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Works Cited

Friza, Badja. The position of women in Thomas hardy’s poetry. Dissertation University of Tizi-Ouzou. 2011-2012. Print.

Hameed, Ibtisaam Natheer. Late Nostalgia to the Memory of an Early Disappointed Love Experience: A Study in Thomas Hardy’s Selected Late Elegies. Adab Al-Rafidayn Vol. (52), 1429, (2008): 145-162. Print.

Motion, Andrew. Thomas Hardy Selected Poems. London: Everyman Books Ltd., 1998. Print.

Taylor, Dennis. Hardy and Wordsworth. Victorian Poetry, Vol. 24, No. 4, (Winter, 1986): pp. 441-454. Print.

 

 

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