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Annotated Bibliography: What are the causes and consequences of air pollution?

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Annotated Bibliography: What are the causes and consequences of air pollution?

Anderson, Jonathan O., Josef G. Thundiyil, and Andrew Stolbach. “Clearing the Air: A Review of the Effects of Particulate Matter Air Pollution on Human Health.” Journal of Medical Toxicology, vol. 8, no. 2, 2012, pp. 166-175.

The authors rely on statistics offered by reputable organizations such as the World Health Organization which asserts that air pollution is a significant cause of deaths globally. Usage of these entities enhances the credibility of the article and reveals the seriousness of this issue. The inclusion of verifiable studies of mortality rates of different demographics across the globe reinforces the authors’ concerns and highlights a pattern of systemic consequences of air pollution. The randomness of such tests is a testament to the widespread nature of the phenomenon and buttresses the author’s claims. Their findings convincingly articulate the need for protection of susceptible communities because of the hazardous effects of prolonged PM exposure emanating from energy production plants and manufacturing processes. The article explicitly highlights that PM is a percentage of air pollution that contains metals, acids, soils and organic chemicals which are harmful to the populace. These revelations bolster the author’s assertions and make the article worthwhile.

Bakalar, Nicholas. “Air Pollution Tied To Kidney Disease.” The New York Times, 2017, https://www.nytimes.com/2017/09/21/well/live/air-pollution-tied-to-kidney-disease.html?rref=collection%2Ftimestopic%2FAir%20Pollution Accessed 24 Oct. 2017

Bakalar examines the harmful effects of air pollution by collating information from EPA and NASA and linking the spread of kidney disease to this practice. Scientific discoveries of pollution levels in different areas show that an “unhealthy” situation exists which the author carefully documents. The statistics used are from official agencies which lend credibility to Bakalar’s assertion that air pollution affects the proper functioning of the kidneys. In fact, his notion that pollutants which enter the bloodstream are injurious to the kidneys is reinforced by the commonly known G.F.R. test that highlights the worsening kidney function of numerous patients. The conclusions are factual and are made chronologically. The process provides greater insight to the reader about the adverse effects of such pollution. The inclusion of a study conducted on 2,482,737 veterans buttresses the article’s assertions because such a large undertaking is representative of the actual state of affairs. The picture he paints is gloomy but posits that such issues need to be addressed sooner rather than later.

Bakalar, Nicholas. “Even “Safe” Pollution Levels can be Deadly.” New York Times, 28 June 2017,

https://www.nytimes.com/2017/06/28/well/even-safe-pollution-levels-can-be-deadly.html?rref=collection%2Ftimestopic%2FAir%20Pollution&action=click&contentCollection=science&region=stream&module=stream_unit&version=latest&contentPlacement=6&pgtype=collection . Accessed 24 October 2017

Bakalar capitalizes on the study of over 60 million recipients of Medicare to conclusively posit that “safe” pollution levels are facilitators of premature death. His articles appearance on the well-respected New York Times makes its contents authentic because of the rigorous nature of background checks conducted on any editorial pieces before they are published. In fact, the inclusion of government agencies such as the environmental Protection Agency in the article enhances such findings. Bakalar avers that the toxicity of a 2.5-micron rate in air pollution raises the PM ratio by 2.5 and adversely affects the physiological well-being of people. The seven-year duration of the study highlighted by him reveals an alarming 22, 567, 924 fatalities which indicates the level of risk associated with air pollution. Such statistics increase the relevance of this article, and its cautionary conclusion serves to warn readers of the veracity of these occurrences.

Bily, Cynthia A. Pollution. Greenhaven P, 2010.

A large section of this book is dedicated to the negative consequences of pollution with a bias on the much-touted global warming issue. Bily outlines the various energy sources, their contribution to pollution levels and the need for a reduction of their overreliance. She also highlights the manufacturing processes that aid environmental degradation in a way that conclusively supports the author’s concerns over this matter. The views are chronologically expressed. Jargon is identifiable in this literature, which might limit the comprehension of a few concepts. It is however clear that Bily incorporates reputable personalities and organizations in the book’s content. She also offers a balanced approach to the controversial global warming debate by stating the proponents’ views and those associated with critics. Such information makes the reader aware of the pros and cons of the issue.

Haugen, David, and Susan Musser. Renewable Energy. Greenhaven P, 2012.

Haugen and Musser explore the pursuit of renewable energy sources by identifying air pollution as a major inhibitor of these goals. Their book offers widespread cases of environmental pollution which is a natural hazard that requires the collective effort of all people for its elimination. It is agreeable that energy production has harmful effects on people, animals, and plants. In fact, the reader quickly concurs with the authors because of the different analysis offered in the literature. Health complications arising from this problem are well articulated and mirror the current complaints raised by various stakeholders. Assertions contained in this book are devoid of malice and expose the negative effects of energy production especially in developed nations. The authors also take cognizance of the contribution of the manufacturing industry to the deterioration of pollution levels, which validates the numerous findings by scientists on the same topic.

Mackenzie, Jillian. “Air Pollution: Everything You Need To Know. “ NRDC, 2016, https://www.nrdc.org/stories/air-pollution-everything-you-need-know. Accessed 24 Oct. 2017

This extensive article delves into the negative effects of greenhouse gases on the environment and the planet’s inhabitants. Mackenzie identifies numerous factors of production and energy generation as contributors to these problems. The article’s systemic arrangement of the definition of air pollution, its causes, its effects and ways of its reduction provide a great methodology of analyzing the greenhouse gases phenomenon. In fact, the author ties such elements to the global warming issue by identifying the high temperatures caused by their emission. The level of destruction occasioned by them is stated although Mackenzie maintains an objective perspective by citing the different human activities that contribute to the same problems faced by inhabitants of the current ecosystem. She also extensively discusses the laxity of enforcement of environmental protection laws, which emboldens her assertions and makes the article relevant in today’s society.

Nonie, Kriyoni. “Causes and Effects of Air Pollution.” YouTube, 3 February 2011, https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=sV9TqshbAag Accessed 24 Oct. 2017

The video combines graphics and human samples to base an assessment of the causes and effects of air pollution. Such features aid in describing the various manufacturing and energy production concepts associated with this phenomenon. Photos are also juxtaposed that indicate energy production is a major cause of air pollution in different parts of the world. It is also evident that manufacturing processes are emitted fumes which interfere with the quality of air. The magnitude of the destructive nature of such pollutants is revealed in the video, and one can foresee a gloomy outcome for the planet. The clear visibility of such graphical interfaces offering pictorial and audio evidence of air pollution facilitates easier comprehension of this problem as well as strengthens the push for alternative energy sources. Explanations provided thereunder are also done in a simple language that is understandable by anyone.

Sørensen, Bent. Renewable Energy. Earthscan, 2011.

The clamor for the adoption of renewable energy as a safer and cleaner source of power receives widespread coverage in this book. Sorensen also analyses the different systems that are applicable in manufacturing processes in a manner that fulfills his conviction of such mechanisms causing air pollution. He does so by using simple language, which is helpful in understanding the complex machine motions that are only understood by people involved in this field. The book offers a step-by-step examination of the waste management procedures employed by stakeholders in such industries and ties them to the overall increase in air pollution. Global warming perspectives are also tackled and their consequences cited in a manner that stirs emotions. It is however clear that Sorensen intends for the reader to see the urgency of employing a corrective approach to save the planet from an impending catastrophe.

 

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