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Detergent, Linear Alkyl Sulfonate (LAS)

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Detergent, Linear Alkyl Sulfonate (LAS)

Human and Environmental Risk Assessment. LAS Linear Alkylbenzene Sulphonate (CAS No. 68411-30-3). Brussels: HERA2004.Print.

The organization conducted a study on the environmental risks posed by the widespread use of detergents and other LAS Linear Alkylbenzene Sulphonate associated chemicals and their effects on human, animal and plant life.

Jensen, John. Ecotoxicological effect assessment and risk characterization of selected contaminants in sewage sludge. PHD Thesis. The Danish University of Pharmaceutical Sciences Department of Analytical Chemistry, (n.d.). Print.

In the thesis, the author sought to evaluate and understand the toxicological effects of LAS as found in sewage sludge.

E.U. Scientific Committee Ontoxicity, Ecotoxicity and the Environment (CSTEE). Exposure Data in Risk Assessments of Organic Chemicals. Brussels: European Commission Directorate-General Health and Consumer Protection, 2001. Print.

The initiative was set out to understand the toxicological risks of exposure to LAS as posed by organic chemicals used in farmlands and domestic settings.

Varsha, J., Mishra, K.D., Madhuri, S. & Govind, P. “Linear Alkylbenzene Sulphonate, a detergent induced toxicity on the gill of puntus ticto fish.” International research journal of pharmacy2.10 (2011): 76-78. Print.

The authors sought to develop an understanding of the effects of LAS laced chemicals used in farmlands and domestic settings and the respective effects on aquatic life.

Scientific Committee on Health and Environmental Risks (SCHER). Environmental Risk Assessment of Non-Biodegradable Detergent Surfactants under Anaerobic Condition. Brussels: European Commission Health & Consumer Protection Directorate-General, 2005. Print.

SCHER conducted a study on the effects and toxicological risks posed by LAS laced chemicals used in detergents and farm implements and their respective effects on the environment.

DIONEX. Determination of Linear Alkylbenzene Sulphonate in Treatment Plant Wastewater Streams Using On-Line Solid-Phase Extraction Followed by HPLC with Fluorescence Detection: Application Note 219. California: DIONEX, 2009. Print.

The report was generated with an aim of understanding the toxicological levels of LAS associated chemicals in wastewater.

Lewis, Mark. Chronic and Sublethal Toxicities of Surfactants to Aquatic Animals: A Review And Risk Assessment. War. Res. 25.1(1991): 101-113. Print.

The author evaluated the toxic levels of surfactants and the risks posed to aquatic life that were attributed to LAS chemicals in farm supplements and detergent use in  domestic settings.

Imfeld, Gwenaël, Bringel, Françoise and Stéphane Vuilleumier. “Bacterial Tolerance in Contaminated Soils: Potential of the PICT Approach in Microbial Ecology.” Tolerance to Environmental Contaminants, 2010. Print.

The article evaluated the Bacterial Tolerance in Contaminated Soils as attributed to the widespread use of LAS laced products in farms and domestic settings.

 

Letchumi  Thannimalay and Sumiani Yusoff. Comparative Analysis of Environmental Evaluation of LAS and MES in Detergent-A Malaysian Case Study. World Applied Sciences Journal 31.9 (2014): 1635-1647. Print.

This article is rich in information and provides an analysis of different surfactants and their risk levels as posed to aquatic, animal and plant life.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Works Cited

DIONEX. Determination of Linear Alkylbenzene Sulphonate in Treatment Plant Wastewater Streams Using On-Line Solid-Phase Extraction Followed by HPLC with Fluorescence Detection: Application Note 219. California: DIONEX, 2009. Print.

E.U. Scientific Committee Ontoxicity, Ecotoxicity and the Environment (CSTEE). Exposure Data in Risk Assessments of Organic Chemicals. Brussels: European Commission Directorate-General Health and Consumer Protection, 2001. Print.

Human and Environmental Risk Assessment. LAS Linear Alkylbenzene Sulphonate (CAS No. 68411-30-3). Brussels: HERA2004.Print.

Jensen, John. Ecotoxicological effect assessment and risk characterization of selected contaminants in sewage sludge. PHD Thesis. The Danish University of Pharmaceutical Sciences Department of Analytical Chemistry, (n.d.). Print.

Lewis, Mark. Chronic and Sublethal Toxicities of Surfactants to Aquatic Animals: A Review And Risk Assessment. War. Res. 25.1(1991): 101-113. Print.

Letchumi  Thannimalay and Sumiani Yusoff. Comparative Analysis of Environmental Evaluation of LAS and MES in Detergent-A Malaysian Case Study. World Applied Sciences Journal 31.9 (2014): 1635-1647. Print.

Imfeld, Gwenaël, Bringel, Françoise and Stéphane Vuilleumier. “Bacterial Tolerance in Contaminated Soils: Potential of the PICT Approach in Microbial Ecology.” Tolerance to Environmental Contaminants, 2010. Print.

Scientific Committee on Health and Environmental Risks (SCHER). Environmental Risk Assessment of Non-Biodegradable Detergent Surfactants under Anaerobic Condition. Brussels: European Commission Health & Consumer Protection Directorate-General, 2005. Print.

Varsha, J., Mishra, K.D., Madhuri, S. & Govind, P. “Linear Alkylbenzene Sulphonate, a detergent induced toxicity on the gill of puntus ticto fish.” International research journal of pharmacy2.10 (2011): 76-78. Print.

 

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