Effects of Stress
Effects of Stress
Numerous changes occur in a person’s organism upon the introduction of stress. For instance, the brain offers instructions that increase the heartbeat rate of the individual. In fact, this scenario facilitates the rise of the blood pressure as well as enhances the production and transfer of adrenaline within the body. Additionally, stressful conditions lower the rate of digestion within the body as instructed by the brain. As such, the absorption of food within the bloodstream becomes slower. It is, however, the norm for mental strain situations to escalate the making of cortisol (Greenberg, 2017). This hormone is responsible for the regulation of blood pressure levels within the body. Its introduction into the bloodstream also aids in the manufacture of glucose, which assists proper metabolism. Responses to the stress element also entail the fortification of the immune system. As such, this condition unleashes insulin that provides a reasonable balance of blood and sugar in the body. The automatic nervous system is also activated in this instance and sends signals to the hypothalamus. These messages are processed and appropriate flight or fight responses are triggered depending on the necessity of the issue. Sensory nerves are also affected. Namely, parasympathetic stimulation occurs, especially when the body is in the rest position. Impulses transmitted by the sensory nerves send signals to specific organs of the body.
Stressful conditions have a higher probability of reducing the concentration levels of an individual. In fact, they lower his/her capability of paying attention even to mundane tasks. It is a norm for such people to experience an impairment of judgment by making poor decisions on various issues. In most cases, their actions are based on the current emotional habits rather than rational reasons. The ones suffering with mental strain are unable to take logical measures because their mind gets clouded by the stressful situation. It is common for these individuals to develop a negative perspective and attitude towards life. They also become anxious. Irritability is a common habit witnessed amongst them because such people exhibit moodiness. Loneliness and isolation are detectable traits of the affected ones. In fact, depression and a general sense of unhappiness are palpable in any encounter with them. For instance, the person is engrossed in his/her thoughts. A majority of such individuals are always agitated even by the flimsiest of issues. It is easier for them to get angry at other people and show lower levels of relaxation. Stressed individuals have an urge to speak and tend to disagree with logical arguments because their emotional imbalance drives them to do so.
Stressful situations affect people of the opposite sex differently. Male members of the society have a higher tolerance for stress than their female counterparts. Masculinity tends to enable men to emasculate the issues because they have an inherent desire to appear in control of situations. Males, therefore, suppress their feelings and thoughts as well as display less discomfort when in the company of other people. Females are emotional beings who would have a higher affinity for displaying their true feelings. Women would be quick to demonstrate their stress as outlined above. They cannot hold any unpleasant matter for long and prefer its exposure. Older people are also less likely to make their feelings known to others because they are more experienced based on the challenges they have endured for long periods of time. Such familiarity with different issues makes them prone to its effects and provides them with better handling capabilities. Younger individuals are more vulnerable to various stresses because of the heightened levels of uncertainty in their lives. They lack tension absorbers because of their relatively young age and are bound to question the outcome of their stressful conditions. This is in stark contrast to the older generation which has undergone similar situations and developed coping mechanisms.
The induction of stress in one’s body causes a lot of physical harm. For example, it facilitates the onset of headaches which are painful to deal with, especially for people who are physically weak. Higher intensities of stress cause severe anguish that is a constant source of discomfort to an individual. Such situations also reduce the energy levels of the affected, which makes it difficult for them to conduct various activities. Additionally, stress causes stomach upsets like constipation and diarrhea that render the person immobile. In some instances, it leads to nausea, which impairs the mobility of the individual. The growth of tension in the muscles is attributable to stress as well. Occurrences of an increase in the heartbeat and chest pain are directly linked to this condition while insomnia is another common consequence. The latter is characterized by a lack of sleep which indicates the measure of the troubling nature of stress factors. Sleeping disorders have a negative effect on the body because it deprives it of valuable downtime. An increase in the frequency of colds is another side effect of this phenomenon. The loss of sexual desire is prevalent among people suffering from stress-related complications. The affected exhibit low levels of libido because their minds are preoccupied with the problems disturbing them. It is also common for such individuals to lose weight because of their minimal dietary habits. Stressful situations facilitate low appetites amongst the impacted and force them to ration their daily portions of food. In the long-term, a decrease in weight is visible because of the lack of proper nutrition. In some few instances, stress may lead to an increase in obesity because individuals develop an urge to eat frequently as a way of escaping from the issues affecting them. Under such circumstances, the huge food intake aids in the gaining of weight which is hazardous to the overall health of the person.
Exercising regularly is a great way of coping with stress. For instance, one can enroll in gym classes, take walks across the neighborhood or launch a physical regimen with a strict adherence to discipline. Such activities help in the reduction of muscle tension, which is helpful in offering relaxation. They also boost energy production within the body and inculcate a proactive lifestyle that maintains one’s health standards. It is also advisable for one to limit the level of alcohol and drug substance intake. In fact, if it is possible, these drugs should be abandoned completely. Limitations of such substances reduce the occurrence of cognitive impairment by maintaining a sober persona, which is vital in the making of rational decisions. It also reduces the chances of sleep disruptions, especially for employees whose job requirements demand sobriety. Such responsibilities are also contractual in nature and require full adherence (Cooper, 2013). Individuals should also incorporate regular breaks within their work schedules. For example, one can take a walk or a power nap. Having moments of rest aids in the reorganization of an individual’s routine and ensures such people are rejuvenated in their next assignments. This practice enables the normal functioning of the body by aiding the release of hormones as situations demand.
Stress management has ethical implications that should be considered when dealing with people suffering from this phenomenon. For instance, the probability of physiological abuse when he/she was young should be factored in. Such earlier experiences have a damaging effect on the growth of the individual, and one needs to tread carefully for the victims to make full disclosures. The propensity for suicide is a lingering concern amongst most people undergoing stress. As such, it is advisable for the suffering adults to undergo counseling in an establishment of their choice as a way of gaining closure to the myriad problems bedeviling them. Impairment of judgment is a common symptom of stress, and an accurate diagnosis is mandatory when dealing with such individuals (Greenberg, 2017). It is vital for the affected to offer a true assessment of their condition rather than be in denial because the earlier the problem is detected, the better for them. These ethical considerations are properly handled by seeking professional expertise in reputable organizations. Therapists, psychiatrists, and counselors have a higher intellectual acumen and specific training on these matters. Apart from offering social support, this elite group of trained personnel is better equipped to deal with such issues. Other people can only provide moral support to the ones suffering from stress and encourage them to develop a positive mental attitude. In fact, the mentally strained individuals can be bombarded with optimistic perspectives on a regular basis because such an atmosphere aids in their recovery process.
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Cooper, C. L. (2013). From stress to wellbeing: Volume 2. Hampshire: Palgrave Macmillan.
Greenberg, J. S. (2017). Comprehensive stress management. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Education
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