ENHANCED CAPACITY FOR NATURAL DISASTER MITIGATION: FIRE, TORNADOS AND FLOOD
Introduction of Topic
Across the globe, the frequency of natural disaster occurrences is increasing thus equally incrementing the number of people affected. Natural disasters in their destructive forces often result in lower economic growth and inept financial and external balances. In addition, they have substantial implications for social welfare and poverty. While it is impossible to prevent the occurrence of natural disasters, there are several ways to reduce and control their impact on economic and human costs. In addition, while most natural disasters are said to be unpredictable, a lot can be done to mitigate their effects through reinforcement of communal, national, and regional emergency response capacities. Disasters are known to follow cyclical patterns termed as disaster cycles. The pattern provides an overview of all the stages within the continual ring of prevention, reduction, preparedness, response and recovery. In mitigation, disaster preparedness is one of the imperative phases that guide communities in ways to protect themselves best. The phase entails the identification of threats and vulnerabilities through use of forecasts, risk evaluations, modeling, training and warning systems for several natural disaster scenarios. The phase also entails enhancement of community intelligence and development of indemnity infrastructures.
In recent decades, national and regional organizations within the Arabian Peninsula have become increasingly aware and active in disaster risk management. The act reflects on a growing trend in regional cooperation. The United Arab Emirates is at the heart of the Arabian Peninsula given its immense social, political and economic contributions. The energy and tourism sectors of the republic dominate the region. Therefore, it is essential that the country safeguards its oil, natural gas and infrastructure from internal and external risks including natural disasters. As a desert region, UAE is familiar with strong sand storms. In addition, the country is also familiar with the probability of flooding due to the adjacent Indian Ocean. Threats to the economic and geopolitical health of the nation need to be considered and prepared for in disaster management. Natural threats include tectonic activity and climate change.
- Identify natural disaster risks in the UAE with respect to fires, tornadoes and flooding
- To perform a secondary study to expound on the nation’s current capacities for natural disaster mitigation as a function of determining the feasibility of a new plan compared to review of the current framework.
- Identify the various national and international bodies key in the development, maintenance and improvement of national disaster management plans
- Perform a literature review that expounds on factors that constrain transparency and coordination between institutions, communities and authorities when it comes to disaster mitigation
- Look further ahead by exploring ideas on how to best reinforce and improve established disaster management frameworks. This will include arguments on financing and insurance coverage for natural disasters.
- Lastly, the research aims to look at how reconstruction can be used as an opportunity to increase socioeconomic growth and structural reforms
Given that the proposed research looks at disaster management at a national scale, the first research question will be an inquiry on UAE’s government current role in emergency financing, technical assistance and policy support in the established disaster mitigation plan.
The second question will inquire on what are the best ways to strengthen national policy frameworks in order to enhance resilience to floods, fires and tornadoes in UAE. This includes the identification of disaster risks and probability of occurrence and subsequent integration of the data into the national macro framework for management.
While humanitarian activities remain essential to emergency preparedness, it is becoming increasingly comprehensible that community based emergency programs are vital for risk reduction and sustainable development in response to natural disasters.
Resources to be used
Patirage and Khaili in the article ‘A Critical Review on Disaster Preparedness and Management of the Emirati Energy Sector’ perform an analysis of the current degree of resilience in the United Arab Emirates when it comes to dealing with natural disasters. Their research findings are imperative to the proposed report as it provides comprehensive understanding of the status of the UAE in accordance to disaster management. This includes barriers to reduction of vulnerability and enhanced preparedness. The article also pin points locations and economic sectors at most risk from natural disasters such as the nuclear energy plants at Emirati. Therefore, the article is equally beneficial in providing ground for systematic improvement of UAE’s safeguards for natural disasters.
The World Health Organization in the article ‘Risk Reduction and Emergency Preparedness’ emphasize on community capacity development as an important aspect of disaster management planning. According to the article, the World Health Assembly (WHA) in 2005 passed a resolution that mandates organizations to provide technical support to governments in the development of emergency responses. On the other hand, states should reinforce their response programs through integration of the community. Through expounding on the mandates of the WHA, the article is important to the proposed report because it outlines on the interplay between organizations and authorities in community development for disaster management. The derived understanding will be essential to the development of a new management system or review of the current one.
Patirage, C., and Khalifa A. Khaili. A Critical Review on Disaster Preparedness and Management of the Emirati Energy Sector, Built Environment Project and Asset Management (January 9, 2012): 104-121 http://www.scielo.org.co/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0120-81602014000200005
Petz, Daniel. Strengthening Regional and National Capacity for Disaster Risk Management: The Case of ASEAN, Projects on Internal Displacement, 117, no.3 (January 2014): 1-46
World Health Organization. Risk Reduction and Emergency Preparedness: WHO Six-Year Strategy for the Health Sector and Community Capacity Development. WHO Press, 2010.
 Daniel Petz. Strengthening Regional and National Capacity for Disaster Risk Management: The Case of ASEAN, Projects on Internal Displacement, 117, no.3 (January 2014): 4
 Ibid, 5
 C, Patirage, and Khalifa A. Khaili. A Critical Review on Disaster Preparedness and Management of the Emirati Energy Sector, Built Environment Project and Asset Management (January 9, 2012): 106
 Ibid, 107
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