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Internet of Things

 

Internet of Things

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Table of Contents

  1. Introduction
  2. Literature review
  3. Annotated bibliography
  4. Conclusion
  5. References

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Internet of Things

Introduction

The growth in technology now gives technological experts the chance to come up with devices that make use of the concept of the internet of technology. The feature makes it possible for humans to interact with other equipment, and also to make links between objects. IoT gives users the opportunity to conduct different activities with ease thereby making it a requirement for organizations.

Literature Review

Academicians try to come up with varying definitions of the internet of things although there is still no stable description of the concept. The internet of things according to the report by Jenkins (2015) refers to the trend that all forms of physical objects connect to the web such that they get controlled from the online source. Based on the description by Jenkins (2015) it is possible to monitor a coffee pot using a thermostat such that it warms water when a person wakes up in the morning. Similarly, a person can connect sensors at the basement so that he receives a message notifying about any threat (Rose, Eldridge & Chapin, 2015). Individuals or institutions that aspire to make use of IoT have to fit centralized servers, and well structured APIs. The users must also install black-box electronic devices for the end-user which are designed to function in specific ways. Madakam (2015) on the other hand, describes IoT to be a scenario whereby physical objects, environments, and places have interconnection with each other via the internet. An example of how IoT becomes applicable in a real-life situation as it comes out in the article by Koreshoff, Robertson, and Leong (2013) is how a thermostat determines whether to produce heat or cold depending on the external temperature. IoT shifts from a network of interconnected computers to a network of connected objects which include an intricate network of objects. Hou, Charlery and Roberson (2014) inform that the actions of IoT have the ability to significantly extend and enrich how people relate to the external environment. Individuals should, therefore, put effort to benefit from the technology.

Investigations show that IoT will become more applicable in future than it happens in the present times. Koreshoff, Robertson, and Leong (2013) assert that many have the belief that IoT will serve a central function in addressing some of the problems the current society faces. The application, for instance, may help to curb the issue of deforestation which is a problem in the U.S and other nations (Farooq et al., 2015). The sensors fit to monitor a large track of forest or trees will be able to relay quick information to the relevant parties should the resource face any threats. Apart from reducing instances of deforestation, the technology would be able to regulate traffic movement thereby lowering cases of congestion. Drivers would be able to receive messages that notify them about the areas that have jams, therefore giving one the option of taking another route. Thirdly, the innovation would be helpful in organizations that will limit cases of property loss because the sensors fit on particular objects would transmit signals in the event of any attempts to tamper with the item. Hopefully, the interconnection physical objects will magnify the profound implications that the modern expansive networked communications have on the society.

Even though IoT has several advantages, users should be wary of the possible negative adversities. One of the adverse consequences is that many people are likely to lose their jobs should many firms adopt the technology (Madakam, 2015). The organizations, for instance, may not require the need of individuals who take control of certain objects because the innovation will make it easy to regulate all objects from a central system. Secondly, overreliance on technology will increase should organizations and individuals embrace the IoT technology. A problem would emerge in case the system fails and no option is available to enhance communication or data sharing. Finally, the use of IoT may make it impossible to achieve privacy when sharing information (Madakam, 2015). Hackers might tamper with particular systems considering that many people will be relying on technology to pass or receive data. The best way to gain from IoT, therefore, is to consider the possible negative implications before fully utilizing the creation.

Annotated Bibliography

Delicato, F., et al. (2013). Towards IOT ecosystem. ACM, 25-28.

The article creates the impression that not very many years from now, human beings will have the ability to identify and address every object on earth. The objects, according to the report by Delicato et al. (2013), will be easy to monitor as it would be with their physical environment. The opinion of the writers is that the smart objects that will have the capacity to carry out wireless communication and that their execution using the concept of IoT will be of benefit to humans. The scholars express the idea that having the capacity to be uniquely addressed and being wirelessly endowed would make possible to find more about the smart objects on the internet just like any other web resource. The article is relevant to the topic because it describes the possible occurrences should the society embrace IoT. The unique feature in the article is that the authors provide practical examples of how to make IoT successful. The article presents some robust and weak points that readers must take into consideration to understand how they would gain from the reading. One of the major active elements is that the authors use other scholars’ writings to back up their views. The use of other writer’s sources to back up the information confirms to the reader that the content is true and reliable. The second advantage is that the authors use a language that readers can easily understand. The journal would suit learners who are still at the initial levels and would not seclude any reader because of the stage in academics. The writing, nevertheless, fails to use graphical presentations such as charts or tables to make the reading easier to understand.

Farooq, M., et al. (2015). A review on the internet of things (IoT). International Journal of Computer Applications, 113(1), 1-7.

The article aims to issue a detailed overview of the IoT and to identify the technologies that would enable the innovation to work properly. The scholars show that IoT aspires to facilitate the exchange of vital information between invisible but uniquely identified devices or objects. The publication by Farooq et al. (2015) informs that leading technologies such as wireless sensor network (WSN) and radio-frequency identification (RDID) facilitate the connection process. The paper directly discusses how to improve IoT thereby making it suitable for the topic. The unique feature of the work is that it uses very brief paragraphs to explain some concepts. The apparent strength of the article is that the authors try to use images to simply some of the ideas that they develop in the paper. The scholars on page 2, for example, include a flow chart that summarizes the six-layered architecture of IoT. The inclusion of the chart makes it easy to remember the information, and also simplifies the comprehension process. Furthermore, the summary saves the readers the time they could use to go through several paragraphs to gain the knowledge. Lastly, the principal limitation in the article is that the authors tend to use complex terms such as IPv6, DDS, and MQTT without providing adequate information on these concepts. The journal would be more useful if the diction was one that learners at all levels could understand without much hindrance. Even though the complex terms may enlighten readers, a majority would not get the clear image of what the authors seek to bring out in the publication.

Jenkins, T. (2015). Designing the “things” of the IoT. TEI, 15, 449-452.

The purpose of Jenkins’ article is to show how individuals would have control over objects once they adopt the concept of IoT. The scholar asserts that through the adoption of the technological innovation, it would be possible to monitor all sorts of physical artifacts from the internet. The author affirms that through IoT, the community shall overcome some of the hurdles that make it difficult to attain specific goals. Jenkins’ article is relevant to the topic in the way it focuses on IoT and even using the term as the article’s title. The unique element in the paper is that the author, who is a Ph.D. student, comes up with a self-made low-cost and low-power prototype platform that he believes would solve some of the challenges humans encounter in their daily life. Jenkins (2015) tries to develop IoT without the internet that puts emphasis on computational and human collaboration rather than putting reliance on a system that receives a command from a central point. The alternative to using IoT at a low cost as it comes out in the article serves as the chief advantage in the writing, but its inability to describe the possible shortcomings with the design acts as the writing’s demerit. The researcher could prepare readers on the possible challenges they may experience by utilizing the technique and this might offer the option on whether to embrace the technology or to consider other possible options. Otherwise, the suggestion by Jenkins may revolutionize how the IoT works in the near future.

Hou, S., Charlery, R., & Roberson, K. (2014). Systematic literature review of Internet interventions across health behaviors. Health Psychology and Behavioral Medicine: Open Access Journal, 2(1), 455-481.

The purpose of the paper is to show how the IoT would enhance communication and objects once the idea becomes widely acknowledged. The authors mention that the innovation will become applicable in different areas of operations which make it important to acquire knowledge on how the system functions. The technology based on the writing by Hou, Charlery, and Roberson (2014) will eradicate cases of miscommunication where an individual fails to get what the sender of the message intends to pass through. The work is suitable for the topic because it covers about IoT and this gives the message that the author wishes to inform the audience about how the innovation functions. The unique characteristic is that the article makes use of long paragraphs to provide detailed information about a concept. Even though the paragraphs may be confusing to readers who lack the capacity to hold large content, they provide detailed information about the topic. The advantage in the article is that the authors use a diction that is easy to understand. The diction would suit readers who are still at the initial levels of learning and would encourage them to seek more information from the journal. The evident demerit is that Hou Charley and Robertson sparingly use the graphical information to summarize some of the long paragraphs. The use of colorful diagrams and charts could make it easy for the target population to comprehend certain descriptions without hardships. The graphical images could also be of value to readers who do not have time to go through the entire paper.

Koreshoff, T., Robertson, T., & Leong, T. (2013). Internet of things: A review of literature and products. OzCHI, 13, 335-344.

The purpose of the article by Koreshoff, Robertson, and Leong is to provide resources and insight on how the field of human-computer interaction (HCI) can benefit from IoT when the concept is still growing. The authors mention that the primary goals of HCI are in line with that of IoT in that both ideas seek to come up with computers that are part of the external environment, and which have connections with a variety of objects, displays, or devices that people interact with on a daily basis. The article is relevant to the topic in the sense that it offers in-depth description on the meaning of IoT and how the innovation can help to solve some of the issues that cause inconveniency in the modern times. The article can serve as a reference to scholars and investigators who want to expand their knowledge concerning how the production works. Learners who want to acquire insight on the major components of IoT may also rely on the publication. The evident unique characteristic in the article is that the researchers incorporate the functions of the HCI to show how the operations in this area would be easier and productive by engaging IoT. Readers of the article would realize that the chief strength is that the investigators use visual presentation (tables) to make the information easier to understand. The article, however, does not provide the full meaning of the acronym HCI despite that the initials dominate the article. The omission may make it difficult for some readers to understand what the authors attempt to explain.

Lopez, T., et al. (2012). Adding sense to the internet of things. Pers Ubiquit Comput, 16, 291-308.

The purpose of the report is to provide guidance on the technology that would make it easy to gain from IoT and comes up with a proposal for an architecture that would integrate the technology into one platform. Lopez et al. (2012) inform the audience about how many view IoT as a revolution in the way people distribute and receive information. The scholars have the belief that IoT is beneficial because individuals would be able to discover and query real-world objects thereby increasing awareness. The researchers raise awareness that despite the high potential of IoT to transform people’s lives, individuals are yet to identify the suitable ways to approach the technology. The key feature that makes the article relevant to the topic is that the authors directly address the issue of IoT and even provide suggestions on how to make the technological emergence more successful. The unique feature readers identify from the article is that the investigators tend to use more complex terms to bring out their idea. The strength in the article is that the numerous pictorial presentations make it easy to interpret information which is not very clear. The utilization of technical terms, however, serves as the primary limitation in the writing because the publication may not be suitable for learners who are still at the initial stages. The investigators should know that as the concept of IoT becomes more applicable, younger readers may have the desire to seek information from such sources thereby making it necessary to use a simpler language.

Madakam, S. (2015). Internet of things: Smart things. International Journal of Future Communication, 4(4), 220-253.

The primary objective of the article is to show how technological advancement gives way to benefit from the concept of IoT and smart things. The author starts by describing the meaning of internet, and it functions. The internet according Madakam (2015) aids connection and sourcing of online information thereby making it easy to learn or to become enlightened. The scholar feels that IoT is an effective tool that facilitates communication at a worldwide scale to issue reliable information across different spheres of life. The author proceeds to describe thing which he defines to be an idea, an entity, thought, or a perceived quality that can be influenced by IoT. The message by Madakam (2015) is that people can benefit from smart things if they embrace the concept of IoT. Madakam’s work is relevant to the topic because it covers various aspects of IoT after providing an overview of the concept’s history. The unique feature of the article is that the author makes a clear distinction between internet of things and smart things which may confuse some readers. The author mentions that whereas IoT refers to a form of technology, smart things refer to the objects that make use of the idea. The use of subtitles to differentiate the different parts serves as the main strength in the article while the author’s failure to describe the possible shortcomings of using the application acts as the weakness. The author ought to inform his readers that overreliance on the technology may have some shortcomings that may be difficult to put under control.

Rose, K., Eldridge, S., & Chapin, L. (2015). The internet of things: An overview. New York: The Internet Society.

The purpose of the publication is to provide general awareness on the meaning and use of IoT. The author mentions that specialists mostly use four types of communication models when implementing IoT. The four models include device-to-gateway, device-to-device, device-to-cloud, and back-end-data-sharing. The four models based on the argument of the paper’s creator improve flexibility in the manner IoT devices connect and add value to the user. The factor that makes the work relevant to the topic is that it dwells on how to make IoT better. The authors mention that conducting more researches and taking part in more educational studies would enhance people’s understanding on IoT. Experts should be willing to share what they know to ensure that a majority if not all people know the basics of the technology. The unique feature readers identify is that article’s creator uses bullet points to present major points and this also serves as strength because users can quickly determine the key ideas. The article, however, is weak in the sense that it covers a lot of information that does not have direct relevance to the area of focus. The authors, for instance, pay attention to the transformations computers undergo as times change yet this does not have any sense to the area that forms the focus of this assignment. It would be better if the scholars linked the transformation with IoT to provide more valuable information to the readers. Otherwise, the audience can still rely on the source as one that would transform their understanding on how IoT works.

 

 

Conclusion

Business organizations and individuals should adopt the use of IoT to be in a position to perform a broad range of activities without hardships. The system makes it possible for humans to interact with physical objects that scholars refer to as smart things. Users, however, should first consider several things such as their capacity to gain from the process before inputting more resources.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

References

Delicato, F., et al. (2013). Towards IOT ecosystem. ACM, 25-28.

Farooq, M., et al. (2015). A review on internet of things (IoT). International Journal of Computer Applications, 113(1), 1-7.

Hou, S., Charlery, R., & Roberson, K. (2014). Systematic literature review of Internet interventions across health behaviors. Health Psychology and Behavioral Medicine: Open Access Journal, 2(1), 455-481.

Jenkins, T. (2015). Designing the “things” of the IoT. TEI, 15, 449-452.

Koreshoff, T., Robertson, T., & Leong, T. (2013). Internet of things: A review of literature and products. OzCHI, 13, 335-344.

Lopez, T., et al. (2012). Adding sense to the internet of things. Pers Ubiquit Comput, 16, 291-308.

Madakam, S. (2015). Internet of things: Smart things. International Journal of Future Communication, 4(4), 220-253.

Rose, K., Eldridge, S., & Chapin, L. (2015). The internet of things: An overview. New York: The Internet Society.

 

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