Hidden Motives

The video provides a new perfective on the ability of the human brain to grow and change as a means of adaptation to environmental needs. The video also highlights the role of the subconscious mind in human decision-making. It provides an effective understanding of how the human mind reacts towards desire and pleasure. The video is relative to the issues and topics discussed in neuroscience and human behavior. It is illustrative of the relation of biological functions and human behavior and cognition. The video outline the basic biological functions that are related to abnormal and normal human behavior (Tommasi, Peterson, & Nadel, 2009).

The video evaluates the neural activity of the subjects with the primary aim of understanding the role of the subconscious element of the human brain and its role in influencing brain function. They utilize functional resonance imaging to detect cerebral blood flow, which is indicative of changes in the neural functions in the human brain. In addition, there is also the employment of event-related potentials, which is used on human subjects with the aim of highlighting the various effects of events on neural activity in the cerebrum.

Optical Illusions

Question 1

  1. Dissociation

This involves the mental separation of the painful part of the body from the rest of body. It involves imagination that the painful area is a separate area from the rest of the body (Tommasi, Peterson, & Nadel, 2009). In addition, I also focus on other important issues to separate my mind from focusing on the painful sensation.

  1. Alteration of focus

The mind is a powerful tool that can alter emotions and feelings of pain. I usually focus my attention of specific areas that are not experiencing pain and altering the painful sensations.

  • Transfer

I have used ice on several occasions to control pain through alteration of sensations.

  1. Positive imagery

I have used imagination of positive events as a means of distracting my mind from extreme pain and in the process managing to control the pain.

Question 2

Smell is one of the most important human sensatory functions. Smell creates environment and has played an important role on perception of the environment. Individually, I think smell is critical especially in development of first impressions. Smell plays an important role in decision-making as it is used as a basic for determination of preferable social preferences.

Question 3

My favorite sound is hip-hop music and beats associated with this genre of music. I associate it with my childhood while I was growing up in the city and the various challenges I experienced around my community. I also associate this with my childhood friends and the entire neighborhood.

Question 4

Sensory adaptation, also known as neural adaptation, is a change that is achieved over time in terms of the responsiveness to constant stimulus by the sensory system and the respective organs (Farreras, Hannaway, & Harden, 2004). When I moved to a new neighborhood that was home a large number of manufacturing companies, I was forced to adapt to the smell of chemicals and waste emitted by the industries. In addition, the area was also marked by excessive noise from movement of vehicles, people, and social venues that people frequented for entertainment.

Question 5

Optical illusions rely on individual understanding or conceptualizations of image drawn from experience to develop meanings or inferences. Moreover, the video also illustrates that optical illusions rely on common perceptions or image visualizations to perceive images as something different from what they really are.


















Farreras, I. G., Hannaway, C., & Harden, V. A. (2004). Mind, brain, body, and behavior: Foundations of neuroscience and behavioral research at the National Institutes of Health. Amsterdam: IOS Press.

Hockenbury, D.H. & Hockenbury, S.A. (2012). Psychology. New York: Worth Publishers.

Li W., Moallem, I., Paller, K. A., & Gottfried, J. A. (2007). Subliminal smells canguide social preferences. Psychological Science, 18 (12), 1044-1049.

Tommasi, L., Peterson, M. A., & Nadel, L. (2009). Cognitive biology: Evolutionary and developmental perspectives on mind, brain, and behavior. Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press.



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