Name :Zhiwen Zhou, Boyu yang, Yang Zhao, Yang Zhao
The smartphone is exactly what sounds like: “a cellular phone with an integrated computer and other features not originally associated with telephones such as operating system, web browsing and the ability to run software” (Rouse, 2007).The phone’s functions have made great change in the last decade. The first generation phones just simply function–making and receiving calls. Now smartphones have vast range of abilities as well as operating systems. The function of smartphones makes life colorful such as short message services, games and most are equipped with a camera (Poindexter, 2011). What is difference between the smartphone and cell phone? Casssavoy (2014) suggests that Cell phone is just used for making calls and not much else. However, the smartphone can store your contact information and could synchronize with your computer. When cell phone added more personal digital assistants like features and cell phone become the smartphone (Casssavoy, 2014).
Additionally, the smartphone also has typical features. Rouse (2007) thinks that the key feature is that the smartphone has operating system such as IOS for Apple Company and Android for Google Company. Therefore, the smartphone based on the operating system that it could run the application. The second feature is that the smartphone have Apps which including lots of different kind of software. The third feature is that the smartphone can connect to the Internet and can access the web at higher speeds. What’s more, excepted three typical features, the smartphone also has many representative features such as qwerty keyboard, wireless synchronization with other device, touch screen, Wi-FI, digital cameras, GPS and handling of e-mail etc ( Rouse, 2007).
With those features, the smartphone changes the way people live quite drastically. The smartphones become a vital part of lives and “without them people feel like only half a person” ( Leitner, 2012). The study primarily attempted to examine how smartphones change people’s life. One source answers the question that people consume information and communication cannot without the smartphone. The smartphone can provide with any information anytime people want. However, people may be getting lazier than before, because people know that we can access all kinds of information anytime. People behave and feel can express more directly, because it is very convenient for them to express their emotion through the smartphone’s applications such as Facebook and Wechat.
Meanwhile, the smartphone also can instead of many devices like desktop computers, digital cameras, Mp3 players, GPS devices etc. Besides, the smartphone also make people’s life more colorful because people can use the smartphone to keep them entertained for any amount of time, so it’s also good vehicle for reducing stress (“5 ways a smartphone can change our life,” 2014). In the study is important to survey whether smartphones strengthen the contact between people. There is a survey about “Does the smartphone help your families together?” (Leitner, 2012) Nearly half of respondents said smartphone helps their families spend more time together. About 90% respondents said mobile devices help them when family emergency and 85% respondents feel that the smartphone make their families together when they are apart. 80% respondents feel safer and keep families more informed on each other’s activities.
Another significant study aspect is smartphones change people’s health. The rapid growth in the use of smartphones has opened a new world of opportunities for use in behavioral health care. (Luxton& McCann, 2011). On the one hand, smartphone has much useful software to treat people’s health: Mobile phone software applications (apps) are available for a variety of useful tasks to include symptom assessment, psychoeducation, resource location, and tracking of treatment progress. The latest two-way communication functionality of smartphones also brings new capabilities for telemental health (Luxton & McCann, 2011). However, they are not substitutes for professional medical advice and diagnosis. They merely provide individuals with the possible ailments that a user is suffering from, with emphasis to seek professional medical advice (Poindexter, 2011). In addition, they provide individuals who are suffering from diabetes and other chronic disorders with avenues to monitor their health and ensure adherence to strict diet and medical regimens as prescribed by their physicians.
However, on the other hand, smartphones has some health risk. There is evidence to evidence this point: Newman used a cell phone for an estimated 343 hours from October 1992 until his March 1998 diagnosis of a brain tumor. That adds up to about 1.2 hours of talk-time per week. Newman said he held his cell phone with his right hand next to his right ear, the area where the tumor developed (Reardon, 2011). Although, this example is not very strict, “no proven link between cell phone radiation and adverse health effects, the human brain is sensitive to and reacts to low levels of electromagnetic frequencies transmitted from a cell phone. Nevertheless, whether that is a bad thing or merely a statistical point of note is unclear (Reardon, 2011).
Smartphones have gradually overtaken other components that human beings once carried around as they traveled. By the year 2000, mobile phones had the power to store contacts doing away with manual address books. Most people, in fact, shifted from buying watches since they could still get time readings from their phones. As time went by, several other things were replaced with features that came with mobile devices. As opposed to traveling with appointment notebooks, physical planners, calendars, smartphones replaced them instead (Poindexter, 2011).
Apart from such features, the power to access the internet, send, and receive emails, news updates, and social networking platforms among others from virtually anywhere at any time is a priceless asset (Claire, 2013). The smartphone has been a driving force towards enhanced levels of interaction and communication. It had induced appetite for innovation and creativity around the world towards development of new technology that can be synchronized with the mobile phone (Poindexter, 2011). In essence, it is an integral part of social interactions in the modern society given that it plays an important role in enabling rapid and efficient movement of information amongst individuals in varied locations (Poindexter, 2011).
It is a common gadget amongst business executives and educators as it provides a means of scheduling resources and activities in alignment with goals and objectives. In addition, it has revolutionized business segments such as purchases and supplies, supply chain management and more so electronic commerce. Electronic commerce has changed significantly given that smartphone innovations have revolutionized the act of sale and consumerism (Poindexter, 2011). Consumers are able to exchange money for commodities, and sellers and manufacturers are able to source for clients in different locations around the world. Thus, the smartphone has been effective in enhancing business practices by taking advantage of globalization (Poindexter, 2011). Entities are able to track consumer activity using gadgets in new markets, enabling them to establish their enterprises in such potential markets.
Cassavoy, L. (2014). What makes a smartphone smart? Retrieved from http://cellphones.about.com/od/smartphonebasics/a/what_is_smart.htm
Claire, S. (2013, April 1). iPads and smartphones top modern status symbol list. Scotsman. Retrieved from The Scotsman: http://www.scotsman.com/news/uk/ipads-and-smartphones-top-modern-status-symbol-list-1-2869698
Five ways a smartphone can change your life. (2014) Retrieved from https://kirkhamsystems.com/5-ways-your-smartphone-changes-your-life/
Leitner, L. (2012). How smartphones change the way we live. Retrieved fromhttps://blog.mysms.com/how-smartphones-change-the-way-we-live.html
Luxton, David D.; McCann, Russell A.; Bush, Nigel E.; Mishkind, Matthew C.; Reger, Greg M.(2011). Health for mental health: Integrating smartphone technology in behavioral health care. Professional Psychology: Research and Practice, 42(6),505-512.
Poindexter, T. (2011). Smartphones: convenience or obsessions. Retrieved from http://smartphoneconvenienceorobsession.blogspot.com/
Rouse, M. (2007).Smartphone. Retrieved from http://searchmobilecomputing.techtarget.com/definition/smartphone
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