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Traumatic Brain Injury

Traumatic Brain Injury

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Traumatic Brain Injury

Introduction

            Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) occurs when external forces impact the brain, causing harm. Different injuries arise depending on the severity of the force used. Common instigators include violence, collisions as well as falls. Such events cause social, physical, emotional, together with cognitive damage to the victims. In some instances, they may lead to deaths of the individuals. Numerous technological tools are available for treating brain injuries. Technological advancements aid in treating TBI injuries because they develop better detection and corrective medical techniques.

Problem Analysis

            Victims of TBI have become prone to symptoms of other illnesses such as PTSD. It is therefore difficult for doctors to get the right diagnosis. Such a predicament is disastrous because medical officers may provide the wrong prescriptions of drugs which may adversely affect the patients. Victims too are hesitant in seeking medical attention whenever they feel certain discomfort. In most instances, they assume that such unease would fade without knowing that they could be victims of serious injuries. They therefore seek treatment when it is too late and their problems have multiplied.

Research Topic

            The use of technology tools in identifying issues with TBI is vital in understanding the challenges faced by patients and doctors alike when confronting brain injuries. It is everyone’s wish for a healthy body but upon becoming sick, people would want a faster as well as safer means of treatment. Medical officers also seek alternative methods for treating their patients in order to hasten the recovery process in a humane way and take satisfaction when their patients are cured (Andrade, 2008). Technology is therefore an integral part of these strategies. Symptoms for TBI related injuries sometimes overlap with those that cause PTSD and such aids are useful in differentiating them. Smartphones are useful tools in aiding patients suffering from memory loss. They contain applications that help store specific information for later use by such patients. It is therefore justifiable for greater scrutiny of the memory loss characteristic in TBI because many victims exhibit this behavior.

Impact of the Problem

 

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Traumatic Brain Injuries are treatable when detected at an early stage. They can also befall any member of the society regardless of gender, age or nationality. It is therefore conceivable that patients could be in school, married, unemployed, employed, retired, or even public figures. All these categories indicate that such individuals have certain routines they ought to follow in their daily lives. Maintaining a schedule is a basic requirement especially for employed personnel. Around the house, several chores await the occupants as well. Mundane tasks such as personal hygiene are vital aspects of living which need adherence. Memory loss resulting from TBI therefore instills forgetfulness in the victims’ activities which lead to incompletion of important tasks. This is bound to jeopardize the health of the individual because in severe cases, patients may not even take a bath.

In other instances, they also forget their own loved ones which is emotionally traumatizing. It has a negative influence on their social life because such people cannot maintain a conversation for long periods. They keep pardoning other speakers and are unreliable on performing other duties. Most people tend to neglect them because they are boring and tiresome. Such abandonment is taxing on their self-esteem leading to an increase in stress levels. They too develop nervousness when around other people. They are subjected to ridicule which affects their confidence levels and enhances further impairment of their memory. In the workplace, they fail to recall client appointments, objectives of different meetings as well as simple office tasks thus affecting their output. Public figures renege on their promises and even give conflicting directives which lead to poor service delivery. The loss of personal items is common for people suffering from memory loss. Such actions are costly especially when the concerned goods are valuable.

Root Cause of the Problem

The brain forms memories from things that people hear, see, touch as well as smell. Depending on the event, it is divided into a short-term memory segment and a long-term one. The former is situated in the pre-frontal cortex while the latter is situated in the hippocampus. Different sections of the brain also store information. Physical trauma arising from blunt objects, brutal attacks and accidents cause damage to these brain organs (Cifu & Caruso, 2013). The force exerted on them distorts their formation and renders them impotent in serving their functions. Severity of the impact facilitates varying levels of memory loss. For example, retrograde amnesia causes forgetfulness of events that occurred prior to the collision while anterior amnesia makes the formation of fresh memories difficult.

Patients suffering from memory loss have deformed brain organs which lack the ability to communicate with other tissues. Gradual reduction in brain capacity results in slower synthesis and retention of information. Continuation of this trend makes the victim irresponsive to his/her surroundings. Major events such as weddings are forgotten because of the displacement of different organs within the brain. Amazement, staring together with shock are common reactions of memory loss victims whose unintentional expressions betray their forgetfulness.

Interactions with the surroundings enhance a person’s reaction. The brain serves as a reservoir of information by collecting and analyzing this data. The first stop for such material is the immediate memory. After about thirty minutes, this information is transferred to the short-term memory. It then transitions into the long-tern memory where it stays for a longer period. For example, it can be stored for a week or even years. Such material is filtered in all these avenues. Traumatic Brain Injuries lead to swelling of brain cells. Upon reception of large information, the filtering process is interrupted by the erratic movement of these organs. This causes a distortion of the data and fewer material is stored in the hippocampus section of the brain. Victims of such tragedies therefore have little recollection of events. Minimal information is available for retrieval leading to memory loss. Such victims exhibit less acknowledgement of issues because of the incomplete storage of data in their brains. Their conversations are incongruent with other people. They become forgetful. This is attributable to the damage of vital brain cells. Their expressions betray unknowingness to the topic at hand and this can be misinterpreted as pretense. It is however natural for these patients to lack coherence in their speech because their reliance on available information is prejudiced. They can only discuss the less material stored in their brain.

Current Political Environment

            Political discourse is rife with both sides of the divide prioritizing mental disorders in their healthcare plans. Memory loss contributes to irrational thinking because the victim forgets his/her duty to uphold certain societal values. For example, psychiatrists have found a relationship linking such behavior to increment in gun violence. Several cases of mass shootings by lone gunmen have rekindled this debate and established the primary role that TBI plays in enhancing gun carnage. Stakeholders concur that paranoia, depression as well as delusions are visible signs of derangement resulting from memory loss. Perpetrators of gun crimes exhibit these traits. The violence meted by people with mental disorders has spread in a short duration, forcing a public confrontation with this menace. Palpable anger exists within the country because of the frustrations accompanying slow inaction from the authorities.

Republicans and Democrats are split between allowing stricter background checks for potential gun holders and increasing armament of the population. Psychiatric evaluation of such people is integral in determining their suitability to hold weapons. Majority of the populace agrees that memory loss affects cognitive abilities of individuals and skews their thinking into committing horrible acts. They also contend that aiding victims by enhancing their memory is vital in reversing this trend. Giving proper care to memory loss patients at home is a widespread cry by public policy advocates, healthcare professionals as well as NGOs concerned with people with disabilities. Patients with this ailment endanger themselves and those in their surroundings. Their memory loss is a recipe for chaos because even in the household, certain gadgets pose a risk to the users. Their impairment would prompt them into mishandling equipment. The outcome is disastrous to the patient and anybody in the immediate environment.

Smartphones have generated great interest and attracted higher customer numbers because of their portability and ability to multitask. These gadgets contain several applications for use in solving this problem. For example, they have calendars and alarm clocks. Such features help in reminding users of important schedules such as anniversaries, wake-up time as well as durations for specific chores (Clark, 2015). They also possess digital pads where scripting of important notes is possible. Memory loss patients would be able to access this feature and instantly respond to their obligations where necessary. Their structure enables users to vary the period for conducting different tasks and this autonomy appeals to many people who support cellphone usage in reactivating the memory of patients. Examination of mental illness cases reveals that victims have erratic routines because of their high affinity for forgetfulness. Illumination of this occurrence reinforces the notion that smartphones provide predictability to users through various tailor-made applications.

Integration of technology in treating people has become acceptable because victims have a reliable platform for reviewing their targets at any time (Donner & Michael, 2013). They are at liberty to change the settings to suit their plans and this ensures honoring of commitments. The spotlight on these patients also engulfs their families because they are their primary caregivers. Traumatic Brain Injuries damage family connections because they exhaust other family members. In particular, memory loss forces caregivers to constantly follow their patients and memorize events for them. Smartphones act as great reminders of such activities thus freeing the attendants to perform other duties. Social services have hailed this development as critical in making life bearable for their members.

Current Economic Influence

The United States GDP is 22% representative of the global nominal rate. It is dependent on a skilled workforce in both the private and public sector. Disruptions in this structure reduce growth, increases inflation as well as enhance a rise in the national debt. Globalization has increased efficiency although automation has not been replicated in all spheres of the economy. Traumatic Brain Injuries therefore hamper the production of patients and affect their contribution to national growth. Memory loss within the labor force is costly because of wastage of time and resources. Unattended appointments, incompletion of projects and loss of goods increase the financial burden on businesses. This translates to payment of salaries for incomplete work, cancellation of contracts, exposure to lawsuits and disbursement of expensive compensation claims. Its potential in increasing turnover rates is very high.

Treatment for memory loss patients is a costly affair because they require round-the-clock surveillance. Sometimes, family members take leave from their workplaces while others take extra jobs in order to be guardians to their loved ones. In some instances, patients are admitted in expensive care homes. Observation of the sick in these centers is a continuous process. Caregivers in these establishments fulfill the duties espoused above. Severe cases of memory loss attract depression and some victims develop suicidal tendencies (Sturmey, 2007). Death from such illness is also financially taxing because funeral arrangements require spending money. Applications on smartphones for assisting memory loss patients help in reducing this expenditure. They enable other workers continue with their jobs which has a positive impact on the economy.

Legislative Rulings

            Mental stability is a vital aspect of safe driving. Granting of driving licenses makes this consideration and authorities expect holders to adhere to traffic laws. Accidents attributable to memory loss are common in different jurisdictions across the country. Congress and state assemblies periodically draft traffic laws governing motorists. A section of people who flout these rules have identified memory loss as a contributing factor to their cognitive impairment on the roads. Numerous cases of contesting wills have arisen in various states. Using the Wills Laws, attorneys project mental incapacity as reason for rejecting certain inclusions in the wills. Traumatic Brain Injuries that cause memory loss bolster such accusations. In subsequent rulings, settlements of such cases disadvantage certain parties to the suits. Smartphones have data storage applications such as photographs which can help in settling these disputes. Recordings of verbal exchanges involving the sharing of property can also be made available.

Economic and Non-Economic Variables

Stigmatization of memory loss patients exists. Cultural attitudes reveal that people with this ailment receive negative perceptions. Mental instability is associated with them. Members of the society shun their presence and limit interactions. They become social outcasts which facilitates their health decline. Reversal of this trend is possible through technology because users only need to click on their cellphones and retrieve useful information relevant to their needs. It would enhance their participation in group activities and reduce the likelihood of slipping into destructive tendencies. Connection to one’s family members is an integral part of holistic growth. Suffering from this disorder destabilizes such bonds and sometimes causes divisions. It makes an individual easily irritable and enriches the environment with toxicity. An unpleasant atmosphere permeates which results in the disruption of close family ties. Integration of technology in treatment of such cases is invaluable to restoring civility in these circumstances.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


References

Andrade, J. (2008). Memory. London, UK: Routledge.

Cifu, D. X., & Caruso, D. (2013). Traumatic brain injury. New York, NY: Demos Medical Pub.

Clark, K. (2015). Memory Loss: Understanding What Causes, Its Symptoms And Signs And Learn How To Prevent Memory Loss To Live A Healthy Old Age. Los Gatos: Smashwords Edition

Donner, J., & Michael, P. (2013). MHealth in practice: Mobile technology for health promotion in the developing world. London, UK: Bloomsbury Academic

Sturmey, P. (2007). Functional analysis in clinical treatment. Amsterdam: Academic Press.

 

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